KNOWLEDGE IS POWER!
The key to unlocking the power of hemp medicine is understanding the plant itself, the compounds that make up the plant, and how those compounds interact with your body. We want our consumers to have all the same information we have; the science-based facts that make us so passionate about hemp and the quality and integrity of our products.
How is Hemp different from Marijuana?
Hemp is a variety of the Cannabis Sativa L. plant species, cultivated and used for centuries for a variety of uses including, fiber, textiles, food, spiritual ceremonies, and medicine. It is one of the fastest growing plants with industrial uses, making it one of the most sustainable crops in agriculture. Hemp and Marijuana differ in their subspecies, and cannabinoid content; hemp varieties with high-resin content have high-levels of CBD (cannabidiol) and low-levels of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), below .03%, cannabidiol does not get you ‘high’ in the typical sense, and is non-impairing. Marijuana has high-levels of THC, and low-levels of CBD. However, because they are both part of the Cannabis Sativa L. family, they were grouped together as Schedule I substances, and officially banned in 1970 under the Controlled Substances act.
The difference between traditional hemp for industrial purposes and the hemp strains we use for medicinal quality products is in the resin quality and content. It’s the resin of the Cannabis Sativa L. plant which produce the majority of its medicinal qualities. High Mountain Hemp Co. carefully sources plant varieties that are rich in resin and medicine. A well preserved spectrum of plant constituents, such as terpenes and cannabinoids, is important in order to achieve the optimal therapeutic benefits of this medicine plant. See further, the Entourage Effect!
What are Cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids are naturally occurring chemical compounds that interact with cannabinoid receptors that exist in ALL MAMMALS’ endocannabinoid system (ECS). Cannabinoids produced in the body are known as endocannabinoids, while cannabinoids in plants are known as phytocannabinoids. In our body, cannabinoids interact with CB1 and CB2 receptors, these are the receptors that constitute our Endocannabinioid System. Phytocannabinoids, cannabinoids produced in external sources such as cannabis plants, act on our Endocannabinoid System by either stimulating or inhibiting neurotransmitters within those receptors. The ECS is a precursor to other functions of our bodily systems and works in conjunction with other systems to bring our body back to homeostasis.
The most well-known cannabinoids associated with Cannabis are THC and CBD, however there are over 100 cannabinoids that occur in the cannabis plant. The most commonly understood & studied cannabinoids up to this point include the following:
- THC- The principal psychoactive, and intoxicating constituent of varieties of cannabis. Beneficial properties include analgesic, anti-emetic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, and appetite stimulant.
- THCA- The acidic precursor to THC. Has almost identical benefits as THC, but is non-intoxicating. Found in raw cannabis before the decarboxylation process. Beneficial properties include analgesic, anti-emetic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic.
- CBD- The main non-intoxicating cannabinoid of the varieties of cannabis known as hemp. Beneficial properties include anti-spasmodic, anti-inflammatory, anti-anxiety, anti-bacterial, analgesic, anti-epileptic, anti-proliferative, and neuro-protective.
- CBDA- The acidic precursor to CBD. Found in raw hemp before the decarboxylation process. Beneficial properties include anti-proliferative, antioxidant, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory.
- CBN- analgesic, anti-insomnia, anti-bacterial, anti-convulsant, and stimulates bone growth. CBN is degradation cannabinoid of THC, resulting from heat and/or time exposure.
- CBG- A non-intoxicating cannabinoid that has diverse beneficial properties, most notably, it may help reduce intra-ocular pressure often reported with glaucoma. It is also, anti-inflammatory, anti-proliferative, anti-spasmodic, as well as an appetite stimulant.
- CBC- A non-intoxicating cannabinoid that has diverse beneficial properties, most notably, it has been reported to be the second most powerful anti-proliferative behind THC. It has also been shown to be an effective analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-bacterial agent.
- THCV- An intoxicating cannabinoid that has been reported to be an appetite suppressant, which is a stark contrast from many other cannabinoids. Research has been showing promising evidence that THCV can aid diabetics in regulating blood sugar levels and reversing insulin resistance. In addition, it has been linked to bone growth, relief from Alzheimer symptoms, and anxiety relief.
What is the Endocannabinoid System?
The endocannabinoid system is a system of neurotransmitters and their co-occurring receptors found throughout the body in all mammals. It has recently been studied and recognized as an essential modulating system in the function of brain, endocrine, and immune system. It appears to play a very important regulatory role in the secretion of hormones related to reproductive functions and stress response. In humans this system also controls energy homeostasis and influences the function of metabolism and gastrointestinal tract activity.
What are Terpenes?
Produced in the glands of the cannabis plant, terpenes are the essential oils that give cannabis varieties their distinct smells, experiences, and therapeutic benefits. In cannabis they are responsible for the “uplifting” effects of a Sativa variety, or the sedative properties of Indica varieties. The distinct aromatic properties of cannabis and other plants are identified as berry, citrus, pine, or spice. The function and diversity of terpenes and flavonoids in cannabis is attributed to the evolutionary need to deter certain predators & disease or attract pollinators, as well as manage environmental factors. In the human body, they work synergistically with cannabinoids to deliver, what is known as an “entourage effect” of therapeutic benefit. The most prominent terpenes and their benefits are as follows:
- Alpha-Pinene: The aromatic compound largely found in coniferous trees, and certain varieties of the cannabis plant. Potential effects and benefits include, anti-inflammatory, bronchodilator, as well as promotes alertness, and improves memory retention.
- Myrcene: The aromatic compound found in cardamom, cloves, musky, and earthy. Myrcene is the terpene most associated with the sedating effects of many varieties of cannabis. Potential benefits and effects include antioxidant, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and sedative.
- Limonene: The aromatic compound found in citrus fruits, juniper and peppermint. Limonene has been reported by patients to be mood elevating and stress relieving. Other potential effects and benefits include anti-anxiety, antidepressant, and anti-inflammatory.
- Beta-Caryophyllene: The aromatic compound found in black pepper, cloves, cinnamon, and oregano. B-Caryophyllene is the only known terpene to bind to the CB2 receptor, and functions similarly to cannabinoids. Potential benefits and effects include anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-anxiety, and anticarcinogenic.
- Linalool: The floral aromatic compound found in lavender. Potential benefits and effects include anti-anxiety, anti-depressant, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, muscle relaxant, and anti-degenerative in the nervous system.
- Humulene: The aromatic compound found in hops, cloves, and basil. Potential benefits and effects include, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and anti-proliferative.
- Terpinolene: The aromatic compound found in nutmeg, tea tree, conifers, apples, cumin, and lilacs. Potential benefits and effects include antioxidant, sedative, antibacterial, anti-fungal, and anti-carcinogenic.
- Ocimene: The aromatic compound found in mint, parsley, pepper, basil, mangoes, orchids, and kumquats. Potential benefits and effects include antiviral, anti-fungal, antiseptic, decongestant, and antibacterial.
Don’t take our word for it…
The science behind the wellness benefits and potentials of Cannabis Sativa L. (hemp or marijuana) is a constantly evolving and coming of age field of study. As these plants are becoming less stigmatized and more recognized for their therapeutic potentials, Universities are developing curriculums advocating more understanding about this new industry, many educators and forward thinking medical doctors and researchers are writing books reflecting their research and experience, and there are numerous reliable sources broadcasting Podcasts interviewing industry leaders and educators, as well as many passionate credible individuals creating wellness initiatives and accessible information on the Internet (at your very own fingertips)!
“But,” you may ask, “with the expansive World Wide Web, how do I know which sources to trust?”
NERD ALERT! Here are a few of OUR FAVORITE resources and recommended reads (or listens) to wet your whistle…
CBD A Patient’s Guide to Medicinal Cannabis. Healing without the high. By: Leonard Leinow & Juliana Birnbaum, Foreword by Michael H. Moskowitz, M.D.
Cannabis Pharmacy. The Practical Guide to Medical Marijuana. By: Michael Backes, Foreword by Andrew Weil, M.D. & Jack D. McCue, M.D., Medical Editor.
Cannabis Revealed. By: Bonnie Goldstein, M.D., Foreword by Ethan Russo, M.D. (<<the man, the myth, the legend… behind Cannabis Sativa L. science and physiology)
- Shaping Fire
- Marijuana Today and Marijuana Today Daily
- Cannabis Health Radio
- …any website affiliated with a state regulated medicinal cannabis dispensary near you… check it out!
These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration, we do not claim to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease with this information or our products. We simply believe in the quality of our products & wish for people to feel good, and be well.