What are Cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids are naturally occurring chemical compounds; produced in Cannabis plants they are known as Phytocannabinoids, and internally produced in our own bodies they are known as Endocannabinoids. Our bodies have receptor sites which these chemical compounds bind to and create a chain reaction throughout the rest of our bodily systems to upend an imbalance. This system of endogenous cannabinoids, their cooccurring receptor sites (known as CB1 and CB2 receptors), and enzymes we create in our bodies that break down these endocannabinoids in our cells is known as the ENDOCANNABINOID SYSTEM (ECS). It has been discovered that ALL MAMMALS have an Endocannabinoid system.
The ECS is a precursor system to our other bodily functions and systems; it works in conjunction with other systems to bring our body back to homeostasis.
The most well-known cannabinoids associated with Cannabis are THC and CBD, however there are hundreds of other plant constituents (terpenes, lipids, and other chemical compounds) that occur in the cannabis plant working together (entourage effect) with your own unique body to provide the much adorned therapeutic relief & health benefit.
With the science and practice of Western Medicine we have been able to identify (and in some cases extract) certain direct single applications for individual cannabinoids. The most commonly understood & studied cannabinoids up to this point include the following:
- THC- The principal psychoactive, and intoxicating constituent of some varieties of cannabis. Beneficial properties include analgesic, anti-emetic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, and appetite stimulant.
- THCA- The acidic precursor to THC. Has almost identical benefits as THC, but is non-intoxicating. Found in raw cannabis before it is heated, also known as the decarboxylation process. Beneficial properties include analgesic, anti-emetic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic.
- CBD- The main non-intoxicating cannabinoid of the varieties of cannabis known as hemp. Beneficial properties include anti-spasmodic, anti-inflammatory, anti-anxiety, anti-bacterial, analgesic, anti-epileptic, anti-proliferative, and neuro-protective.
- CBDA- The acidic precursor to CBD. Found in raw hemp before the decarboxylation process. Beneficial properties include anti-proliferative, antioxidant, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory.
- CBN- analgesic, anti-insomnia, anti-bacterial, anti-convulsant, and stimulates bone growth. CBN is degradation cannabinoid of THC, resulting from heat and/or time exposure.
- CBG- A non-intoxicating cannabinoid that has diverse beneficial properties, most notably, it may help reduce intra-ocular pressure often reported with glaucoma. It is also, anti-inflammatory, anti-proliferative, anti-spasmodic, as well as an appetite stimulant.
- CBC- A non-intoxicating cannabinoid that has diverse beneficial properties, most notably, it has been reported to be the second most powerful anti-proliferative behind THC. It has also been shown to be an effective analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-bacterial agent.
- THCV- An intoxicating cannabinoid that has been reported to be an appetite suppressant, which is a stark contrast from many other cannabinoids. Research has been showing promising evidence that THCV can aid diabetics in regulating blood sugar levels and reversing insulin resistance. In addition, it has been linked to bone growth, relief from Alzheimer symptoms, and anxiety relief.
There is still a lot to be studied and unknown about these compounds; a result of the prohibition of cannabis has led to a lack of controlled studies. At High Mountain Hemp Co. we believe in WHOLE PLANT MEDICINE, and that the therapeutic benefit of cannabis involves a whole lot more than JUST single molecule cannabinoids targeting relief for specific symptoms. Which is why we create our products with a crude oil extract that preserves as many parts of the plant as possible, never using isolates or distillates that mitigate its potential therapeutic effects. Plus, you won’t have to use as much medicine to get your desired therapeutic relief; in our opinion and commonly understood when finding your therapeutic dose, less is more!… you may save some money too! Out of pocket cannabis therapeutic medicine can be expensive, so why pay more for less relief?! See further… Finding your therapeutic dose!